On 21 November 1943, LTG Walter Krueger selected LTC Frederick W. Bradshaw, a brilliant attorney from Jackson, Mississippi, to establish an Alamo Scouts Training Center (ASTC) that would combine the best training elements from other elite services with specific skills needed in the jungles and on the beaches of the Southwest Pacific. Under Bradshaw's command, the ASTC would produce well-trained, highly-motivated, six-to-seven-man teams that could infiltrate behind enemy lines, gather information, and get out undetected. In addition to producing trained Alamo Scouts, the ASTC was used as a base of operations for operational teams.

Lt. Col. Frederick Bradshaw, first Director of the Alamo Scouts Training Center (1943)
Photo courtesy of Constance Bradshaw-Morrill
Lt. Col. Bradshaw (center) escorts Major General Innis Swift (left) on a tour of the Alamo Scouts Training Center. Fergusson Island, New Guinea (1944) Signal Corps Photo

Volunteers for Alamo Scout training were drawn from Sixth Army combat units. Following a multiphase selection process at the division, regimental, company levels, and interviews by the Director of the ASTC, finalists were selected to attend a rigorous six-week training program at the Alamo Scouts Training Center. Candidates received extensive and rigorous training in eight major skill areas: Rubber Boat Handling, Intelligence Gathering, Scouting & Patrolling, Navigation, Communications, Weapons, and Physical Conditioning. Class sizes ranged from 45 to 100 men.

Alamo Scout candidates practice hand-to-hand combat at the ASTC. Fergusson Island, New Guinea. January 1944.
Signal Corps Photo.
Alamo Scout candidates on a 26-mile jungle hike. 1944. Signal Corps Photo.

Following graduation, approximately thirty percent of the graduates were retained as Alamo Scouts. The Alamo Scouts Training Centers graduated nine classes consisting of approximately 250 enlisted men and 75 officers, from 27 December 1943 to 2 September 1945. Only 117 enlisted men and 21 officers were retained. The remaining graduates returned to their units.

Alamo Scout candidates receive advanced jungle first aid training under the watchful eye of Lt. Col. Frederick Bradshaw (foreground) and Dr. Richard Canfield (standing in background). Fergusson Island, New Guinea. 1944.
Signal Corps Photo.
Candidates practice water survival skills with full equipment. Fergusson Island, New Guinea. (1944) Signal Corps Photo.
Alamo Scout staff fires in the water at a trainee during water training while Lt. Col. Bradshaw (hands on hips) and Major General Innis Swift (wearing helmet) observe. Fergusson Island, New Guinea. January 1944. Signal Corps Photo.
Alamo Scout Diploma awarded to graduates of the Alamo Scouts Training Center. Courtesy of Elaine Blaise
Alamo Scouts Training Classes
Class Location Commenced Graduated
1 Kalo Kalo
Fergusson Is., New Guinea
27 Dec 1943 5 Feb 1944
2 Kalo Kalo
Fergusson Is., New Guinea
21 Feb 1944 31 Mar 1944
3 Mange Point
Finschafen Area, New Guinea
15 May 1944 22 Jun 1944
4 Cape Kassoe
Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea
31 Jul 1944 9 Sep 1944
5 Cape Kassoe
Hollandia, Dutch New Guinea
18 Sep 1944 28 Oct 1944
6 Mouth of Cadacan River
Abuyog, Leyte, Philippine Is.
26 Dec 1944 1 Feb 1945
7 Mabayo (Subic Bay)
Luzon, Philippine Is.
23 Apr 1945 1 Jun 1945
8 Mabayo (Subic Bay)
Luzon, Philippine Is.
18 Jun 1945 28 Jul 1945
9 Mabayo (Subic Bay)
Luzon, Philippine Is.
6 Aug 1945 2 Sep 1945
class in progress when war ended
Content Copyright  2000

Design by Russ Blaise
Text by Lance Zedric